Passive fire protection (PFP) is an integral component of structural fire protection and fire safety in a building – to either contain the fire or slow the spread. Passive fire protection works in conjunction with active fire prevention, such as sprinkler systems and extinguishers, and fire safety education of building occupants, it is hidden in the fabric of the building. Compartmentalisation means that buildings are divided into sections to prevent the spread of smoke and fire, allow for escape and access for the Fire Service.
PFP may be part of the fabric of a building or added after it is constructed. PFP products should be fit for purpose and properly maintained. They must have been tested, assessed, and certified by third party certification, to independently verify the competency and quality of the workmanship of companies manufacturing, installing, and maintaining them.